Friday, July 31, 2009

Poison in the woods

I spend a great deal of time in the woods and fortunately I have never been affected by poison ivy, poison oak, or poison sumac before. For a crew of students working under my direction this summer they were not as fortunate. Recently, somewhere, somehow, they all came in contact with one of the three poison plants. None of them recall seeing the plant but they all have visible proof on there arms, gross looking, reddish blisters, of various sizes.

So why am I telling you this? Well I always encourage people to get out and explore the back woods but I would be neglectful if I simply sent you out there without showing you what these three poisons look like. The only true way to avoid these poisons is avoid them so learn how to identify them.

Poison ivy: This poison is found throughout most of North America but is rare in desert and mountain terrains. Typically for this plant use the old addage "leaves of three let it be" but it is a versatile plant and can look like a shrub, a flower, or a vine. The leaves can vary in color from green, red, orange, or yellow depending on the season and location of the plant. The leaves will have a waxy texture with two leaves opposite and the third on a longer stem to the top. Poison ivy also produces various berries which can be hard to see thanks to the leaves which can be up to 4"long. If you do not know what poison ivy looks like I suggest you do a Google search for it just to be safe. (Photo courtesy of

Poison Oak: From what I can find, and keep in mind I'm no professional so I encourage you to look for yourself, poison oak is not found in eastern Canada. It is found in western Canada however as well as the Eastern US, as far north as New Jersey. So just to be safe I have posted a picture of it here. (Photo courtesy of

Posion Sumac: This poisonous plant is found in Atlantic Canada and differs from the previous two in that it does not have a trifoliate leaf structure. It typically has 7-13 leaflets in a compound opposite formation. It often grows in wet areas near bogs or rivers. The branches of the poison sumac, not to be confused with staghorn sumac, are often reddish in color and the berries are a hard white color. Staghorn sumac leaves are serated while the poison sumac leaf is smooth, the berries are also different as the staghorn has reddish fruit. (photo courtesy

I strongly encourage you, if your worried about coming into contact with any of these plants, to investigate them. If you do come into contact with them be sure to wash your clothing as the urushiol (the oil that causes the skin irritation) can also be spread through secondary contact of clothing or tools that come in contact with the substance.

Cures for these poisonous plants are typically anti-inflammatory creams (hydrocortisones). I'm no doctor so I suggest if you come in contact with any of these plants that you seek out medical help.

I hope this helps you feel more comfortable in the back country of Atlantic Canada.

Wednesday, July 29, 2009

NB DAY Celebration

Well the long weekend is nearly upon us here in NB. What to do? What to do? There are celebrations going on everywhere so search one out and have fun. I'm sticking close to home as I am hoping to blessed with our second child that weekend so I'll be celebrating our great province in Sussex Corner. They have some great fun planned. Vanessa Packman, the Village's Public Relations Coordinator forwarded me this information:

New Brunswick Day

Monday, Aug 3, 2009
Sullivan Park, Sussex Corner

1 p.m. to 4 p.m.
Games! Races!

New Brunswick Day Spelling Bee
Paint the Town Read
mural contest

Cake and refreshments!

New Brunswick Day Merit Awards

And so much MORE!!!
9:30 p.m., Sussex Corner Ballfield

Tuesday, July 28, 2009

Wandering in the KCR

Here is my latest column for the Kings County Record. This is the last in that series and with the expected arrival of our second child I won't be submitting any column for August. I will continue my blog though so check in from time to time.

Friday, July 24, 2009

Thoughts on Food and food for thought

I was asked the other day about food that I take backpacking and so I thought I should write a bit about it. I do not profess to be a great cook at home and that doesn't magically change in the back country. Things in the back country though simply taste better, and since I like to eat, I have enhanced my camp cooking skills out of necessity. I have made bad meals while camping and I have made some really good meals, but regardless they all served a function.

When backpacking, food is not extravagant, it is simply sustenance. You have to eat in order to carry your pack and continue hiking. This means your food must be light weight, packable, and durable. Some things are better to pack than others. I find it hard to advise people on what to take for food because it is taste dependent, but ultimately if you are hungry enough you'll eat anything so here are a couple of things I like to take along.

Lipton Soupworks or Lipton Sidekicks - These make for great meal starters. I often will add canned meat, veggies, instant potatoes or rice to these to make them stretch a little farther. One of my favorite meals is a can ckicken, a package of Lipton Chicken Nooodle Soupworks, 3-6 mushrooms, a half a pouch of instant potatoes, and a half a cup of rice. Boil the soupworks and reduce the heat, add the mushrooms, rice, and chicken. Let it steam for five minutes and then add the intant potatoes. The result should be a thick creamy casserole that will feed to hungry hikers.

Flat Bread is the ultimate for making sandwiches on the trail. Spray it with some butter and add your Sussex Cheese and toppings and hmmmmm yummy.

For my snacks I enjoy eating from a bag of "Oreo minis" or a bag of "Smarties" or if I don't need the sugar rush I will eat a blueberry nutrigrain bar or a new found snack that my son enjoys "Fruit to Go". All these help provide me with a quick energy boost or help balance my system out.

Check back another time and maybe I'll add a few more recipes or backpacking meal ideas.

Happy wandering.

Friday, July 17, 2009

A Different Wandering

Well this post will be a bit different than what I normally write about. I don't normally talk about movies or pop culture type topics but I had such a great time last night I have to tell you a bit about it.

My wife, who is very pregnant and looks amazing, had a Doctor appointment in Saint John and she wanted me to drive her. We don't get out often anymore just the two of us so we decided to make an evening date out of the trip. Am I ever glad we did as we had a simple but wonderful time.

Our first stop after the hospital was dinner at the Saint John Alehouse. The food was absolutely great with a relaxed atmosphere. Each of us dined on different seafood plates and were very full and content at the end of the meal. On most nights that would make for a great date on its own but we decided we wanted to see a movie as well. We had a gift certificate that was likely almost 2yrs old so we thought it was about time.

We headed to Empire Theater to see what was playing. Neither one of us had a clue about the recent movies. What can I say I'm not really into pop culture. We eventually settled on a movie and proceeded to buy our tickets. Well for two people who didn't know what movie to watch did we ever pick a great one. At the risk of sounding like a softy, remember this was a date for us, we chose "The Proposal". Honestly, I laughed my ass off the whole movie. Just when you think they were going to get soft and serious in this romantic comedy they would have you busting a gut again. It was funny listening to the crowd in the theater, one moment silence as it gets a bit serious and then full out laughter. The best thing about watching a movie in a theater is that laughing is contagious, so a piece you might find mildly funny at home is hilarious at the theater. was an awesome movie...and an incredible date. Love you babe.

Tuesday, July 14, 2009

The Final Days on the FFP


The morning of day two started with a gray sky but the air and water was calm. The space inside my head was empty but filling rapidly with the various sensory triggers that are now very familiar to me in this wilderness. My brother already had the fire going again and before long we had a hearty breakfast of bacon and eggs ready. We had managed to carry in eight eggs safely the first day and I always insist on Maple Leaf Ready Bacon. It is precooked and lightweight, two ideal traits for backpacking food.

After breakfast I go through my regular routine as I break camp and repack my backpack. First my sleeping bag and bedroll go in. Then my clothes, packed into a couple of large zip-lock bags, followed by whatever fits best until it is all in there. Last is my tent which I attach to the side of my pack, tent on one side, poles on the other. It works well for me. My stove and water filter, along with my snacks, camera, and journal go into the top bag to round out my gear.

Like when I leave Long Beach Creek, the hike out of Seeley also brings sorrow. I often fear that I may never get back there before it loses its wilderness appeal to the planned development of the Fundy Trail Parkway. Alas, I have my own reality and non-wilderness issues that I need to deal with. So, for the sake of keeping somewhat of a schedule, we all head up and out of Seeley Beach. We amble towards what, I think, is the toughest part of the Fundy Footpath hike.

The steep climb out of Seeley Beach takes you from sea level to an elevation of slightly over 200m. The first part of the climb is through lush softwoods, mainly spruce and fir, of various ages. The next stage is a small walk along an ATV trail, (not my cup of tea) before turning back towards the cliffs overlooking the Bay. For a short time here the walk is level and you are granted many great views of the Bay. On a clear day you can easily make out the shores of Nova Scotia and Iles d’Haut. The climb then gets very steep again as you scramble up around exposed rock faces that seem haunting. This eventually brings you to the south ridge of Cradle Brook, which is now 200m+ below you to the northeast.

Now some people think that walking uphill is tough, but for some downhill is just as hard, especially if it is steep enough to make even an able foot mountain goat wary. The descent into Cradle Brook, while maybe not really tough for a mountain goat, is no walk in the park. You will cling tight to some smaller rock faces and zigzag down into the Valley. Suddenly, you enter an old meadow where, no matter the weather, the temperature always seems a degree or two warmer. The walk then levels off for a time before the final steep drop into Cradle Brook. In approximately 4km you hike from sea level to 200m and then back again, none of it easy.

Needless to say we take a well deserved break at Cradle Brook. The sun is shining and our stomachs are hollering for sustenance. It is amazing what the human body will endure and how quickly it can recover. Backpacking has taught me this time and time again. In a short time we humped up out of Cradle Brook and because of the intense hike earlier we made light work of this steep climb. We were now heading to Little Salmon River and I had it in my head to take an alternate route to get there.

As the group approached the McCumber Brook access trail we halted to consider our options. I really wanted to see the Walton Glenn Canyon. I thought, to save time, we could hike the access trail to the road; follow it to the Walton Glenn Canyon Trail; hike that to Little Salmon River; and follow the river to the campsite for that night. The group although hesitant, seemed agreeable to that plan. As we left the FFP though, I had a line from one of my son’s newest cartoon favorites ringing in my head. “Oh oh Zigby, I think your trotting us into trouble.” I shrugged it off though and headed down this new route.

The new route would take us into Walton Glenn Canyon, where waterfalls and massive rock faces were the norm. We first had to get there though. I had never done this portion of the hike with a pack on before and I was in for a reality check. Typically, I accessed this area by coming up Little Salmon River to the confluence of Walton Glenn Brook and then hiking through the “Eye of the Needle” up to the Walton Glenn amphitheater and onto the top of the valley. Usually, when done that way, you get wet numerous times, so I often wear sandals to hike in. I equated therefore, that I could hike down with a full pack with little trouble. Boy was I wrong.

The four of us left the ATV trail along the top of the ridge and quickly descended to McCumber Brook where we snacked and applied copious amounts of bug spray. Here the trail looked okay, but it quickly became so steep that some generous and thoughtful climbers had placed ropes to aid the descent deeper into the canyon. This trail was simply a track made by various types of wildlife and used time to time by humans. It was narrow and often obstructed or falling away down the slope towards the brook. The brook itself was a fast, sinewy, flow that churned around car sized boulders, before dropping off bedrock ledges landing in white foam. Dramatically a waterfall appears before us and to the left is a large rock face that hems the waterfall in. A truly wild scene seldom found here on the east coast, but would be comparable to the dramatic mountain valleys of the Rockies. It is heavenly and so spectacular that the provincial government has set the area side as a “Natural Protect Area.”

We move slowly down the canyon taking in the vastness of this small piece of nature, but more slowly due to the difficult terrain. We enter the Walton Glenn amphitheater where Walton Glenn Falls drops close to 100m on your right while on your left McCumber Brook cascades steeply into a pool where the two brooks join. All around there are shear conglomerate rock faces reaching 100m towards the clouds and in places it seems as if it wants to fall in on you and keep you there. Further down the Walton Glenn Brook you enter a narrow canyon known locally as “The Eye of the Needle.” The entire bottom of the canyon is wet with the brook and is only about 10m wide at its widest point. The walls of the canyon reach heights of around 35m and the sun rarely reaches the canyon floor.

The water is now clear and more settled, but it is bitter cold on the feet. The hike has leveled out some and we soon reach the larger Little Salmon River. We will cross this River 8 times before reaching the campsite near the head of tide. The valley walls of the Little Salmon River are an immense, deep, forested green. Like most hillsides along this stretch of Fundy coast they are rugged and steep and thus it is easier to walk down the river rather than climb up the hillsides. Since I enjoy and work on the rivers, I was always looking for fish, especially salmon since the population for both Brook Trout and Atlantic Salmon, are critically low in most of the rivers we will navigate throughout our hike. It is therefore a good thing that this river valley too, is part of the “Natural Protect Areas.”

None too soon, we reach our campsite. Everyone has their aches and pains and we all flop on the ground with a sigh. Again though, our bodies show resilience as we all get foolish and take a swim in the deep pool close to our campsites. Laughter erupts as we realize how foolish we are but we are all feeling very much alive and the aches and pains for the time being have disappeared. We laugh as we put up our tents and cook supper.

That night the campfire was oddly quiet with little conversation. Our tired bodies and minds were still trying to comprehend the raw beauty of the natural surroundings we witnessed today. There was no need to talk and we had no energy to do so anyway. It was fitting that the day would end with a wonderful moon reflecting off the water in the estuary as the tide moved in.


Mornings on the FFP are an exercise in determination. To backpack the Footpath you can usually count on having a steep hill to climb first thing in the morning. The toughest of those is the hill you face when you leave Little Salmon River heading to Rapidy Brook. There are quite possibly as many switchbacks on this one hill, than one you might face on any other complete day. You can continually greet your companions as they pass on the switchback below or above you as you all move along like a train moving up a mountain side.

The entire portion we planned to hike that morning is likely the longest, gruelling, section of the trail. That morning we climbed in and out of 4 steep stream valleys. Rapidy Brook is a small stream where you cross above a narrow waterfall and gorge approximately 100m above sea level. You enter Wolfe Brook where a small waterfall enters the valley, and then you walk by the old dam site, before walking out to the shoreline. Hunter Brook is a small stream with big boulders that are carpeted with lush green moss. The last plunge is into Telegraph Brook where a waterfall crashes down less than 50meters from where the waves crash onto the shore. Even though this is a tough section of trail it hardly registers with the body because the mind is overwhelmed with the beauty and immensity of the Fundy coast.

From Telegraph Brook the Footpath heads up hill towards a crossing of Quiddy River. When the tide is right though, you can choose to walk the beach from Telegraph Brook to Martin Head. Since we had hiked hard the day before, and that morning, we decided we would wait on the tide awhile and walk the beach not just to Martin Head but all the way to Goose Creek. The best thing about that choice was that we were able to goof around and relax on the cobble shore of Telegraph Brook. We threw a lot of stones at various targets; we climbed various rock faces and boulders; we argued about landforms and geology; and we kicked around a stray buoy we nicknamed Herman.

Eventually, the tide receded far enough that we could comfortably hike along the shore to Martin Head. We ambled along the shoreline as the sun shone bright and warm on our right shoulder. The geology changes, and a small outcrop of beige sandstone, seemed out of place. The rocks and boulders rolled and clacked under our feet as we made the climb up over the isthmus. From the bottom of the isthmus I can’t see the Quiddy River and it is a short, steep climb up the rocky shore where you take two steps forward and one step back. The Quiddy River is a swift, cold, running river with a mud and gravel bottom. The beach on the other side of the river is a long, wide, sandy expanse used by many outdoor enthusiasts with various interests. On most weekends there are lots of people running bikes or trucks up and down the beach but on this weekend there are only a couple of trucks and bikes on the beach. We give them their space and they respect ours, not because we don’t like one another, but simply because we don’t want to intrude on each others wilderness escape.

We reached the far end of the Martin Head Beach and here we had to rock hop and scramble over large boulders in order to make Goose Creek campsite. I always enjoy this part of the hike even though it is very risky. One wrong step could leave you with a concussion, a broken leg, or even worse. The rocks are often times wet and slippery so caution, patience, and awareness are needed. We make Brandi Brook in good time and I take a minute to take a picture of the waterfall that comes down right onto the crashing waves at high tide. Then we make the long beach of Goose Greek where we will camp that night. The beach leads up to the boulders above tide and we have fun playing in the sand as we sink a couple of inches with each step.

The day was a very playful one on the Fundy Footpath and we had an incredibly relaxing day. This is especially true compared to the challenging day we had the day before. The atmosphere around supper and the evening campfire was relaxed and our bodies were starting to really settle into the rigorous routine of backpacking. This always seems to be the way on a four day trip. The day your ready to head home is the day when you are most comfortable on the trail. PART FIVE

The start of our last day on the trail required that we walk across the expansive mud flats of the Goose Creek estuary. This is a sticky, muddy, wet, and often cold crossing. The best time to cross Goose Creek is at near low tide as this will allow you to stay somewhat drier. If the tide is higher you must hike upstream and cross near the head of tide. This adds approximately a full kilometer to your hike. We were fortunate that morning as the tide was just starting back in. This was great here, but later, at Goose River, we were required to make a difficult bushwhack over two steep, large hills, as the tide was not in our favor there.

Once across the mudflats we climbed up the south facing ridge of Goose Creek. This area was boggy in places but the forest was interesting with large moss beds, colorful flowers, and large forest meadows that provided great lookouts to the Bay. The weather was warm and sunny so the hike was enjoyable. We relaxed a bit at Jim Brook, where if you needed to you could pitch a tent and have a nice inland camp site. From Jim Brook the next river valley was Rose Brook.

At Rose Brook we again took a breather and explored the beach a bit before heading on. The topography north of Rose Brook is impressive as there are many sink holes and rock outcrops to explore although we had to be careful as some of the holes could have been unstable. We walked along forested meadows and near Edwin’s Peak where we were offered a great view back down the Fundy Coast to Martin Head and beyond. It was hard to believe as we looked back over the land that we had hiked that in simply four days we had come so far.

The last climb before we entered Fundy National Park was the climb into Goose River. It is a modest descent where you tend to follow an old cart road. The road symbolizes the history of the area and its connection to logging and maybe even farming. Our legs were well stretched now and our pace had become faster and we made good time getting to Goose River. Unfortunately because of the timing of the tide there was no way we would have made the hike in sufficient time to allow us to walk the mudflats here into the park. Instead we crossed the river above the dam and hiked up and over a steep but short hill into Rossiter Brook. This still left us on the Goose River estuary with no way to cross to the trail and so again we had to navigate up a steeper more challenging hill to meet the Goose River Trail of Fundy National Park. I used the GPS I was carrying and made both bushwhacks with little trouble, well except for the fact we had to make very difficult climbs out of each valley.

Our last meal of the trip was had sitting on the wood pile chatting to some Park staff who, had come to check the sites after the weekend. Once lunch was completed we started the last 7.5km hike out to the parking lot at Pointe Wolfe. I always find this old road walk a bit anti-climactic for such a wonderful hike. It seems that I always rush through this portion of the trail as there is little to see and this time was no different. It is funny though, as much as I consider myself an avid outdoorsmen who could likely survive for weeks alone in the wilderness, I always smile when I see the parking lot, It could be the thought of the famous sticky buns in Alma, or a tall ice cream cone, but whatever it is I always giggle when I reach the curbed, paved, non-wilderness area. It is ironic and sometimes I feel guilty about this appreciation of the man made comforts that are so intrusive to the wilderness I often try to seek out.

We were able to spend four days in relative wilderness but each of us is concerned that it maybe the last time we can complete that hike and attain that feeling. The Fundy Trail Parkway, forestry practices, and increased development of ATV trails will likely change this wonderful coast line and remove that surreal sense of wilderness. Regardless, the immense beauty, ruggedness, and the heavenly feeling I get when there, will call me back many more times I am sure and I hope to someday share a backpacking trip with my kids across this great coast line.

Wednesday, July 8, 2009

Covered Bridges

Well this is the week for the Kings County Covered Bridge Festival so I feel compelled to write a blog about covered bridges. In fact I think it about time that I wrote a blog about covered bridges. For me a covered bridge is a starting point, a swimming hole, a meeting location, a prominent landmark, and a vital part of our heritage. As someone who enjoys being on the rivers I often see numerous covered bridges. Many canoe trips have started or ended at a covered bridge. This is likely because the bridges, for many decades now, have served as an access point to the rivers. The covered bridges bring together two of the oldest modes of transportation, canoe and horse carriage which speaks volumes about the history of many of the covered bridges today and their importance in the development of the communities around them.

I have swam, many times, from the shores of a covered bridge and admired the wood work from the water side while swimming. Geocaches are often found at covered bridge locations as they find them intriguing and fellow cachers like tagging covered bridge finds. Photographers and painters are seen frequently with equipment trying to capture the true essence of the covered bridge. The bridges could be considered a free museum, located where they always have been, across the rivers and in our hearts.

Tuesday, July 7, 2009

The latest Wandering column

For those who don't get the Kings County Record, here is my latest published column. It is very similar to a post I made earlier. It is Part Two of my Fundy Footpath adventure . I find the column a bit harder to write and get my true feelings acrossed due to the word limt but I like the challenge of editing the work down while trying not to lose the feeling of the message.

Monday, July 6, 2009

Home Renos

About three years ago my wife and I bought an aging home. It had curb appeal, charm, and a nice price tag. I knew it was going to need some work and almost immediately we started in on getting some of the easy stuff done. We painted most of the walls, replaced the front door, painted the exterior, and even replaced the gable ends. I feel proud of the work I have done so far, but wait. This weekend I tore up the carpet in the living and dining rooms to install laminate. Sometime this summer we have to put a new roof on, and likely next summer repaint or reside the house. So when does all this stop? agggghhhhhhhh. Luckily, I was crazy before we bought the house. I knew a house was work and thankfully I do enjoy the smaller tasks, but the bigger tasks often intimidate me and thus I am left at the mercy of the contractors. Thankfully I have some good contacts with contractors and I trust them to get the job done...but they are a busy bunch and so...I now wait and hope that I can get all this done before our second child comes.

If you have a home reno project on the go I wish you luck with it. I will likely post some of this anguish again and maybe even show some before and after pics but for now I will simply ramble on.

Friday, July 3, 2009

Weather, Fish, and Dreams

The weather lately has been pretty crappy. It has not been what you might class as summer sunshine for sure. That has not kept me off the brooks, rivers, and creeks though. I have had a couple of good days out this week, including last evening. The fish last evening is what inspired me to write this morning. Usually when I write about a fishing trip it is about the fish but this time it is about what was in the air.

Yesterday was a gray day, like most days lately. It was still gray after supper, but my experience has found that, usually, the fishing is good on days like that. As luck would have it the fish were lively, and plentiful, though not very large, last night. This made the fishing fun, what made it difficult was the low lying fog or mist that seemed to encompass everything. I couldn't see where to place my feet as I scrambled downstream. I almost felt like I was fishing on a cloud. It created a really nice aura though and after awhile I got used to looking through it to the water and I began to enjoy the mist. It gave the brook I have fished dozens of times a new personality and I could convince myself easily that I had never fished there before.

As the sun set and I broke down my pole I didn't really want to leave the brook. I wandered aimlessly down the stream towards my waiting truck with my head literally and figuratively in the clouds. It was a great way to end a busy work day.